年2月28日，由国家发改委高技术司和政研室指导、国家信息中心主办的“共享经济思·享·汇”第七期活动在北京成功举办。 On February 28 , 2019 , the seventh session of the " Sharing Economy Thoughts , Enjoying , and Meeting " organized by the National Development and Reform Commission's High-tech Department and the Office of Political Science and Research, and hosted by the National Information Center was successfully held in Beijing. 共享经济与稳增长促就业”进行了深入研讨和交流。 Leaders and experts at the meeting conducted in-depth discussions and exchanges on “ sharing economy and stable growth to promote employment ” . Cheng Xiaobo, the director of the National Information Center, attended the meeting and delivered a speech. The meeting was chaired by Zhang Xinhong, the chief information engineer of the National Information Center and the director of the Sharing Economy Research Center. More than ten experts from different fields made keynote speeches.
Wang Qing, deputy director and researcher of the Institute of Market Economy, Development Research Center of the State Council, Wu Qingjun, director and professor of the Department of Labor Relations, Renmin University of China, Xu Qiang, vice president of Yunmanman, and Zhao Dawei, director of the Meituan Review Research Institute, made keynote speeches around the theme.
年我国服务业占比为52.2% ，服务消费支出占比约为44.2% ，未来3-5年我国将正式步入服务经济阶段。 Wang Qing pointed out that the current rapid growth of service consumption is an important basis for the innovative development of the service industry. In 2018 , China's service industry accounted for 52.2% , and service consumption expenditure accounted for about 44.2% . In the next 3-5 years, China will officially enter the service Economic stage. As a typical format of service innovation, the sharing economy has the characteristics of subversive innovation. It is an important way to promote the transformation and development of the service industry. It is also the basis for leveraging China's comparative advantages and enhancing international competitiveness and resource allocation capabilities. It has created important support for future innovation and development in China. Opportunity. He believes that the governance of the sharing economy should follow the principles of encouraging innovation and prudence and tolerance, and should not waste food. People from all walks of life need to look at the problems that arise in the development of the sharing economy, and the platform itself must maintain the purity of innovation to avoid business model variations and deviate from the essence of services. Governance of the sharing economy needs to resolve the contradiction between traditional supervision methods and innovative development requirements, continuously improve the basic system for the economic development of the Internet platform, introduce new governance mechanisms and methods, implement classified management based on domain, business, time, and space, and strengthen prior For prevention and in-event management, relevant departments should grasp the timing, intensity and pace of policy introduction, enhance policy stability, and improve the effectiveness of supervision.
Professor Wu Qingjun introduced the current status of the job quality of platform employment and the challenges it brings, combining the standards of decent work and quality of work by the International Labour Organization, the European Commission and other institutions. He believes that the sharing economy provides people with flexible employment opportunities and changes the employment patterns of a considerable number of people. In the form of platform employment, the traditional working hours standards and remuneration methods are no longer applicable. Workers are not paid according to the length of work, but based on how much work is done. The collection target and payment method for workers' social insurance are not clear. . At the same time, in the face of a group of workers on platforms with scattered work places and divergent interests, how to maintain workers' right to associate freely and improve their collective bargaining ability is a challenge. He proposed that the next step should be to protect the basic rights and interests of the platform employment groups, to ensure that workers have certain autonomy in work, and the right to associate and negotiate. As the role of labor protection, the government should actively participate in this process and balance the labor rights and platform interests.
Mr. Xu Qiang, Vice President of Yunmanman, and Mr. Zhao Dawei, Director of Meituan Review Research Institute, focused on corporate practices and shared the role of platform companies in promoting economic development and transformation and stabilizing social employment.
满帮平台的发展，大大提高了货主和货车司机群体找货、送货的效率。 Xu Qiang pointed out that the development of the Manbang platform has greatly improved the efficiency of cargo owners and truck drivers in finding and delivering goods. Its social value is mainly reflected in two aspects: one is to reduce costs and increase efficiency, and the other is to save energy and reduce emissions. 天，货车空驶率从过去的37%降到32% ，大致意味着可以为中国节约燃油费用860亿，大大减少碳排放量。 The development of the platform has shortened the search time from the past two days to the current 0.38 days, and the empty rate of trucks has dropped from 37% to 32% , which roughly means that China can save 86 billion yuan in fuel costs and greatly reduce carbon emissions. The development of shared platforms plays an important role in promoting the transformation and development of the logistics service industry, and the improvement of efficiency also means that the development is more green. The data on freight transport accumulated during the development of the platform can also be used as an important reference for analyzing and reflecting the national macroeconomic situation.
餐饮外卖的发展带动了更多的社会就业，在美团平台上获得收入的骑手数量从2017年的220万增加到2018年的270万。 Zhao Dawei believes that the development of food delivery has driven more social employment, and the number of riders who have earned income on the Meituan platform has increased from 2.2 million in 2017 to 2.7 million in 2018 . 离家近”的工作成为可能。 The development of the sharing economy has provided people with more flexible employment opportunities, and work " close to home " has become possible. How to make the employment system and social security system related to these groups based on the characteristics of flexible employment is a problem that needs to be studied and solved in depth.
Professor Chen Yu, School of Information, Renmin University of China, Zhang Yuming, Professor of School of Management, Shandong University, Zhang Chenggang, Executive Director of China New Employment Pattern Research Center, Capital University of Economics and Trade, Guan Bo, Associate Researcher of China Macroeconomic Research Institute, and Dean of Digital Economy Research Institute of China Business Advertising Association Experts such as Ma Qiji and others discussed further the current situation of China's sharing economy development and its impact on economic growth and employment.
Chen Yu believes that the sharing economy has changed the traditional mode of resource utilization and division of labor, and has brought a certain impact on traditional economic theories. Innovation in economics theoretical research is imminent. At the same time, there are also some systems that are not well adapted and need to be made. Adjust and improve.
Zhang Yuming pointed out that the rapid development of the sharing economy is undoubtedly an important source of stable growth, and the large number of flexible jobs created by it have played a key role in the process of stable employment. The rise of formats such as capacity sharing and shared finance have also had a positive impact on stable investment, stable finance, and stable expectations.
Zhang Chenggang proposed that the sharing economy platform has created a large number of jobs, and especially provides re-employment opportunities for vulnerable groups such as laid-off workers. It is currently the most dazzling and dynamic form of employment. The quality of employment on the sharing economy platform is better than traditional informal employment, and even some indicators are better than traditional formal employment. The platform not only provides people with more flexible employment opportunities, but also stimulates the entrepreneurial talents of ordinary workers. He believes that it is necessary to avoid losing opportunities for the development of the shared economy due to over-regulation and over-emphasis on the protection of platform workers' rights and interests.
Guan Bo believes that in addition to steady growth, the sharing economy still has a lot of room for development in public services such as medical care and pensions, and is an important starting point to make up for the shortcomings of public services. Existing social insurance policies such as remote insurance must be actively adjusted according to the development of practice, provide better protection for platform employment groups, avoid the trend of employment poverty, and provide more solid space for high-quality employment.
腾笼换鸟”的关系。 Ma Qiji proposed that the sharing economy and the traditional economy are not a simple " cage exchange " . From the perspective of stable growth and employment protection, both the development of the sharing economy and the deepening of the traditional economic model require breakthroughs in theory and institutions.
Zhang Xinhong pointed out in his concluding speech that the development of the sharing economy practice has just begun, and there is a lot of corresponding research to be done. Innovation is always on the way. Practical innovation and development are inseparable from everyone's joint efforts. Problems encountered in the future development process It also needs everyone to face it together.
共享经济思·享·汇”秘书处成员参加了会议。 Representatives from sharing economy platform companies and members of the " Sharing Economy Think , Enjoy , and Exchange " secretariat attended the meeting.